Archaeology of Flowerdew Hundred

Archaeology of Flowerdew Hundred – a Virginia Plantation, 1619-1864

Author: James Deetz, published by University Of Virginia Press in 1995

Flowerdew Hundred’s History starts in 1618 when the Virginia Company of London granted a 1000-acres plot of Land, situated on Virginia’s James River to George Yeardley, though written historical documents don’t provide a complete story.

The plantation is named for Temperance Flowerdew, Sir George Yeardley’s wife. Yearley (1587-1627) owned the plantation and he was the 3-time colonial Governor of Virginia, the British Colony. Flowerdew Hundred is a former Virginia plantation located in Prince George County, on the south shores of the James River.

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The History of Flowerdew

The history of Flowerdew is told best through the words of those people who lived there. They recorded their everyday lives in letters and diaries. Census records, estate sale inventories, maps, deeds and will provide detailed information on land usage, building construction, and personal possessions.

Original Inhabitants

Archaeological evidence indicates that American Indians occupied this land for approximately ten thousand years before the Europeans arrived. The first Native American occupants were nomadic hunters in search of large game animals. Later groups began to build villages along the rivers and streams.

Many American Indian groups lived in palisaded villages at the time of European contact. Their houses were built of poles, bent and tied together at the top, and set in the ground in a circular or rectangular fashion. They were covered with bark or fiber mats. Archaeologists have found evidence of similar structures at Flowerdew Hundred.

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Flowerdew Hundred – The Estate

Flowerdew Hundred is located on Virginia’s James River. It is a large piece of land that was, in 1619, patented to Sir George Yeardley, the Captain General and Governor of Virginia. So let’s learn more about Flowerdew Hundred – The Estate.

Yeardley was married to a woman named Temperance Flowerdew and “The hundred”, a successful tobacco plantation, counted some 30 people. The plantation additionally produced livestock, corn, and fish, and to build the first windmill in the area of colonial Virginia, Sir George Yeardley paid around 120 pounds to have it built at the Flowerdew site.

Flowerdew Hundred, one of the first New World English settlements, remains a unique property in Virginia’s Prince George County along the James River. When the plantation was granted to Governor George Yeardley in 1618, he named it for his beloved wife, Temperance Flowerdew.

Flowerdew then survived the 1622 Indian Massacre and suffered just six deaths, and it remained active as a private, fortified plantation. A second settlement was formed in 1683 further down the James River named Flowerdew Towne. However, the new settlement was, unlike Flowerdew Hundred, not very successful in Virginia’s plantation economy.

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Flowerdew Hundred – One of the earliest original land grants in Virginia

“Every year Flowerdew Hundred changes and grows more beautiful as it matures.”David A. Harrison III. So let’s take a closer look at Flowerdew Hundred – one of the earliest original land grants in Virginia.

Flowerdew Hundred is one of the earliest original land grants in Virginia. The abundant natural resources at this strategic bend in the James River have attracted people from prehistoric times through the 20th Century. Showcasing extensive material culture collections, museum exhibits and educational programs interpret a past at Flowerdew Hundred that is intricately woven into the history of Virginia. Browse through the artifact collections, view sample exhibits, listen to the stories.

History was never so beautiful! Chartered and founded by David A. Harrison, III, Flowerdew Hundred Plantation and Museum began as a dream and has grown into one of the most uniquely and beautifully landscaped properties in Virginia.

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Chittenango Falls, NY, a geological wonder

Located a short ride from Cazenovia on Route 13 is a very special piece of New York State History, a piece that is historic and beautiful, Chittenango Falls. Once a curiosity to visitors 200 years ago, this area now a New York State Park dates back over 370 million years and its limestone rock base gives us a glimpse of marine life when Central New York was part of what park signs describe and a “tropical paradise” since the area was near the equator in these early years of formation.

Just take a look at the following interesting video made by someone who took a drone to New York and flew around and over Chittenango Falls, located near Syracuse in New York State:

The property which originally built in the 1800s, belonged to the Boardman family that ran mills on it, it was later sold to members of the famous Ledyard/Lincklean families of Cazenovia, to make into a public park, the intent was to prevent destruction of the site to preserve its beauty, part of which is a scenic 167 foot waterfall. The area opened at that point under the watchful eyes of the Chittenango Falls Park Association becoming a Central Region State Park in 1922.

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The Story of Chief John Hicks

“Tuko-see-mathla is one of nature’s noblemen. He is nearly six feet two inches in height; finely formed; his figure combining strength with gracefulness; or, I might say, perfect ease in all his attitudes and gestures. The expression of his fine open countenance is habitually mild; but as he grows earnest in conversation, you see arise within him that glow of fervid feeling warming into the determined energy which characterizes the man.” This is the Story of Chief John Hicks.

“In the morning, Tuko-see-mathla came to the Agent’s quarters dressed in the most sumptuous habiliments you can imagine. His frock, or coat, was of the finest quality, and adorned with a quantity of silver ornaments around his neck, arms, and wrists, with a gorgeous headdress of colored shawls. His bearing was that of a chief indeed.”

(Quotes by George A. McCall, 1826, from his book Letters from the Frontiers)

Before the 1820’s it is believed that Hicks’ town was at Hixtown Swamp in Madison County. In 1823 he had a town listed at Alachua Prairie by Nea-Mathla at the Treaty of Moultrie Creek.

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Historical Monuments – Von Steuben’s Cabin

Sometimes finding little tucked away places where history took place is like uncovering a secret hideaway. One such place is the New York State Memorial Site for Baron Frederick Wilhelm Von Steuben. So let’s check out one of America’s Historical Monuments – Von Steuben’s Cabin.

The state has partnered with the National Parks Commission to open a beautiful interpretive history site of General (Baron) von Steuben’s cabin near Remsen, New York.

The site, which has been open for many years as a public area used for picnics and outings by locals, has in a replica of the cabin Steuben lived in during his last years. On that site is also is the grave of the famous General who helped America win its independence from Great Britain.

Born in Magdeburg, Germany in 1730, Baron von Steuben had served in a number of conflicts including the Seven Years War; was convinced by the Comte Claude Louis de Saint-Germani, then the French Minister of War, to volunteer his military assistance to the fledgling American army.

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Washington DC – Steeped in History

Visiting Washington D.C. can be a very exciting and fun experience. The Smithsonian museums are favorites for parents and children of all ages (and parents have free admission). The National Air & Space Museum (Independence Avenue at 4th Street) offers the largest collection of air and spacecraft in the world. This article highlights Washington DC – steeped in history.

Preferred locations are the original 1903 Wright Flyer, the Spirit of Saint Louis, touching the command module of Apollo 11, and a sample of lunar rock. The shows at the planetarium and the IMAX theater are rivaling any blockbuster movie or theater show.

The U.S. Natural History Museum (Constitution Avenue and 10th Street) is also a families’ favorite. The museum boasts dinosaurs, whales, sharks, and shows the legendary Hope Diamond. The Discovery Room at the Museum of Natural History is a rehearsal space for families and students. The room features activities using real objects and artifacts of the museum. Your children can feel the skin of a crocodile or try on clothes from another country.

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Cape Cod – The Birthplace of Modern Communications

Perched on a peninsula that juts into the Atlantic Ocean, Cape Cod’s location made it the ideal termination spot for 3,200-mile-long telegraph cable that originated in Brest, France. These Atlantic cables were such a major accomplishment for its time, that some consider it to be as significant as Neil Armstrong landing on the moon. So let’s learn more about Cape Cod – the Birthplace of Modern Communications.

These cables cut overseas communication times from four weeks to a matter of minutes, affecting not only the shipping trade but Wall Street and numerous other commercial endeavors.

The French Cable Station alerted the country to the first news of Charles A. Lindberg’s landing in Paris, and it provided the prime communication between Washington, D.C. and General Pershing in France during WWI.

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Historical Beachwood, NJ

This is a review of the Beachwood Historical Alliance.


This article from the April 2nd, 1921 edition of the New York Tribune, paints a picture of the founding homeowners celebrating six years of prosperity in Beachwood during a dinner at the Robert Treat Hotel in Newark.

Note that the “adjoining tract” they refer to here within the borough, which they christened “Beachwood Highlands,” is generally the southern end of town past the Route 9/Parkway Access Road, which used to be the Pennsylvania Railroad right of way.

It has also been referred to, by William Mill Butler in his 1924 Beachwood Who’s Who, as “Beachwood Heights,” including in his account of the same 1921 dinner, as a way of attempting to stop people referring to that side of town as “over the tracks.”

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